Except for braided rugs, rug has been a product of orient, east. Beginning from 500 BC(according to the evidences) in ancient Persia, rug making art has been an important figure in oriental culture.
The art went through many changes over decades. It met new cultures from Bosnia to Turkey, from Turkey to Afghanistan. In the Timurid and Ilkhanid eras, during the spread of Islam and afterward had deep effects on the art.
Materials had been changed over time too. We know that wool, silk and cotton were used, even if pre-Seljuk era is not so clear to us.
In many oriental cultures rug means “Kilim”, which is derived from “Gelim” meaning rug in Persian. Let’s look at the list of some oriental rugs;
– Gunny kilim
– Suzani kilim
– Needlework kilim
– Rekht-e-khab pich
– Charkhi-baf kilim
– Rah Rah
– Anatolian Turkish Kilim
The motifs of the rugs are very similar. There may be some differences like “lighter colours.” Geometric shapes are very common. We think that it could be the effect of Islam, as geometry is used in Islamic art often.